Born 1845 Cheshire, UK; died London, UK, 1921; represented the ‘radical left’ of Britain’s feminist aristocrats; leader in British temperance and suffrage causes and the Women’s Liberal Federation.
David M. Fahey, ‘Howard , Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn,
K.D. Reynolds, Aristocratic Women and Political Society in Victorian Britain (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).
I. Tyrrell, Woman’s World/Woman’s Empire: the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union in international perspective, 1880–1930 (Chapel Hill & London: University of North Carolina Press, 1991)