Rosalind Frances Howard (Countess of Carlisle)


Born 1845 Cheshire, UK; died London, UK, 1921; represented the ‘radical left’ of Britain’s feminist aristocrats; leader in British temperance and suffrage causes and the Women’s Liberal Federation.

Further reading: 

David M. Fahey, ‘Howard , Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn,

K.D. Reynolds, Aristocratic Women and Political Society in Victorian Britain (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).

I. Tyrrell, Woman’s World/Woman’s Empire: the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union in international perspective, 1880–1930 (Chapel Hill & London: University of North Carolina Press, 1991)

Veronica Strong-Boag

Veronica Strong-Boag

Veronica Strong-Boag, Ph.D, FRSC, is a Canadian historian specializing in the modern history of women and children in Canada. She is Professor Emerita of Women's History at the University of British Columbia. In 1988 she won the John A. Macdonald Prize (awarded to the best book in Canadian history) for her study of the lives of women in Canada between the wars, entitled The New Day Recalled. In 1993–94 she served as president of the Canadian Historical Association. She was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2001. In July 2012 the Royal Society of Canada announced that Strong-Boag would be awarded the J. B. Tyrrell Historical Medal "for outstanding work in the history of Canada."