Women’s Social and Political Union


Active in Britain c 1903-1914; major militant suffrage group; formed in Manchester, England, at home of Emmeline Pankhurst; included many socialist and working-class women; activists included Christabel and Sylvia Pankhurst, Dora Montefiore, Ursula Bright, and Hannah Mitchel; journal Votes for Women.

Further reading:

Sandra Stanley Holton, ‘Women’s Social and Political Union (act. 1903–1914)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press. [http://www.oxforddnb.com.ezproxy.library.ubc.ca/view/theme/95579, accessed 20 Nov 2011]

E. Crawford, Women’s suffrage movement in Britain and Ireland: a regional survey (NY: Routledge, 2005)

S. S. Holton, Feminism and democracy: women’s suffrage and reform politics in Britain, 1900–1918 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Martin Pugh, The March of the Women: A Revisionist Analysis of the Campaign for Women’s Suffrage, 1866-1914 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000)

S. S. Holton, Suffrage days: stories from the women’s suffrage movement (London: Routledge, 1996)

S. S. Holton, ‘“In sorrowful wrath”: suffrage militancy and the romantic feminism of Emmeline Pankhurst’, British feminism in the twentieth century, ed. Harold L. Smith (Amherst, Mass: University of Massachusetts Press, 1990), 7–24

J. Liddington and J. Norris, One hand tied behind us: the rise of the women’s suffrage movement (London: Virago, 1978); new edn (2000)

J. Purvis, Emmeline Pankhurst: a biography (London: Routledge, 2002)

A. Rosen, Rise up, women! The militant campaign of the Women’s Social and Political Union, 1903–1914 (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1974)

A. Morley and L. Stanley, The life and death of Emily Wilding Davison (London: Women’s Press, 1988)

L. Tickner, The spectacle of women: imagery of the suffrage campaign, 1907–14 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988)

Veronica Strong-Boag

Veronica Strong-Boag

Veronica Strong-Boag, Ph.D, FRSC, is a Canadian historian specializing in the modern history of women and children in Canada. She is Professor Emerita of Women's History at the University of British Columbia. In 1988 she won the John A. Macdonald Prize (awarded to the best book in Canadian history) for her study of the lives of women in Canada between the wars, entitled The New Day Recalled. In 1993–94 she served as president of the Canadian Historical Association. She was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2001. In July 2012 the Royal Society of Canada announced that Strong-Boag would be awarded the J. B. Tyrrell Historical Medal "for outstanding work in the history of Canada."