Lady Isabella Caroline Somers-Cocks Somerset

Born London, UK, 1851; died 1921; temperance, social purity and suffrage activist; President British Women’s Temperance Association (1890); editor of the BWTA journal Woman’s Signal; friend of American temperance leader, Frances Willard;

 Further reading:

Ian Tyrrell, ‘Somerset , Lady Isabel Caroline [Lady Henry Somerset] (1851–1921)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [

K. Fitzpatrick, Lady Henry Somerset (London: Jonathan Cape, 1923)

I. Tyrrell, Woman’s World/Woman’s Empire: the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union in international perspective, 1880–1930 (Chapel Hill & London: University of North Carolina Press, 1991)

Ishbel Marie Gordon (Marchioness of Aberdeen & Temair)

Born 1857 London, England; died 1939 Aberdeen, Scotland; supporter of local government franchise for women in 1880s; publicly endorsed women suffrage in 1909 at Toronto meeting of the International Council of Women ; feminist activist and social reformer; presidencies included the English and Scottish Women’s Liberal Associations, the National Council of Women of Canada, and the International Council of Women.

 Further reading:

Marjorie Pentland, A Bonnie Fechter: the life of Ishbel Marjoribanks, Marchioness of Aberdeen & Temair, G.B.E., LL.D., J.P., 1857 to 1939 (London: B.T. Batsford, 1952)

Doris French, Ishbel and the Empire: A Biography of Lady Aberdeen (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1988),

Ishbel Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair, The Musings of a Scottish Granny (London: Heath Cranton Ltd., 1936),

Maureen Keene, Ishbel: Lady Aberdeen in Ireland (Colourpoint Books, 1999).

Ishbel Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair and John Middleton, Through Canada with a Kodak (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994)

Ishbel Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair,  Journal of Lady Aberdeen: the Okanagan Valley in the Ninties (Victoria, BC: Morriss, 1986).

John and Ishbel Gordon, Marquis and Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair, “We Twa”: Reminiscences of Lord and Lady Aberdeen (London: W. Collins Sons & Co., 1925), 2 v.

The Petticoat Expeditions (Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 1997); dvd and video.