National Council of Women of Canada

Founded 1893 in Toronto; member of the International Council of Women; federation of nationally organized societies and local and provincial councils of women; founding members included Dominion Women’s Suffrage Association; adopted suffrage platform 1910.

 Further reading:

Veronica Strong-Boag, The Parliament of Women: the National Council of Women of Canada (Ottawa: National Museum of Canada, 1976).

Naomi Griffiths, The Splendid Vision: Centennial History of the National Council of Women, 1893-1993 (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1993).

Marjorie Norris, A Leaven of Ladies: a History of the Calgary Local Council of Women (Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1995).

Catherine L. Cleverdon, The Woman Suffrage Movement in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974).

Carol Lee Bacchi, Liberation Deferred?: The Ideas of the English-Canadian Suffragists, 1877-1918 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983).

Ishbel Marie Gordon (Marchioness of Aberdeen & Temair)

Born 1857 London, England; died 1939 Aberdeen, Scotland; supporter of local government franchise for women in 1880s; publicly endorsed women suffrage in 1909 at Toronto meeting of the International Council of Women ; feminist activist and social reformer; presidencies included the English and Scottish Women’s Liberal Associations, the National Council of Women of Canada, and the International Council of Women.

 Further reading:

Marjorie Pentland, A Bonnie Fechter: the life of Ishbel Marjoribanks, Marchioness of Aberdeen & Temair, G.B.E., LL.D., J.P., 1857 to 1939 (London: B.T. Batsford, 1952)

Doris French, Ishbel and the Empire: A Biography of Lady Aberdeen (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1988),

Ishbel Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair, The Musings of a Scottish Granny (London: Heath Cranton Ltd., 1936),

Maureen Keene, Ishbel: Lady Aberdeen in Ireland (Colourpoint Books, 1999).

Ishbel Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair and John Middleton, Through Canada with a Kodak (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994)

Ishbel Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair,  Journal of Lady Aberdeen: the Okanagan Valley in the Ninties (Victoria, BC: Morriss, 1986).

John and Ishbel Gordon, Marquis and Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair, “We Twa”: Reminiscences of Lord and Lady Aberdeen (London: W. Collins Sons & Co., 1925), 2 v.

The Petticoat Expeditions (Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 1997); dvd and video.