National Council of Women of Canada

Founded 1893 in Toronto; member of the International Council of Women; federation of nationally organized societies and local and provincial councils of women; founding members included Dominion Women’s Suffrage Association; adopted suffrage platform 1910.

 Further reading:

Veronica Strong-Boag, The Parliament of Women: the National Council of Women of Canada (Ottawa: National Museum of Canada, 1976).

Naomi Griffiths, The Splendid Vision: Centennial History of the National Council of Women, 1893-1993 (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1993).

Marjorie Norris, A Leaven of Ladies: a History of the Calgary Local Council of Women (Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1995).

Catherine L. Cleverdon, The Woman Suffrage Movement in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974).

Carol Lee Bacchi, Liberation Deferred?: The Ideas of the English-Canadian Suffragists, 1877-1918 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983).

Elizabeth Smith Shortt

Born Winona, Ontario, 1859; died Ottawa, Ontario 1949; pioneer physician; feminist; promoted the National Council of Women of Canada, YWCA, and the Victorian Order of Nurses.

Further reading:

Sheryl Ann Stotts, “Becoming Indispensable: A Biography of Elizabeth Smith short (1859-1949), Phd diss., York University (Canada), 2002.

Peter E. Paul Demski, “An English, Protestant, Upper-Canadian Feminist on the Grand Tour: Elizabeth Smith short in Great Britain and Europe, 1911,” Journal of Canadian Studies v. 28, iss. 4 (Winter 1993-94): 72-87.

Elizabeth Smith Shortt, “A Woman with a Purpose”: the Diaries of Elizabeth Smith, 1872-84, edited with an introduction by Veronica Strong-Boag (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980)