National Council of Women of Canada

Founded 1893 in Toronto; member of the International Council of Women; federation of nationally organized societies and local and provincial councils of women; founding members included Dominion Women’s Suffrage Association; adopted suffrage platform 1910.

 Further reading:

Veronica Strong-Boag, The Parliament of Women: the National Council of Women of Canada (Ottawa: National Museum of Canada, 1976).

Naomi Griffiths, The Splendid Vision: Centennial History of the National Council of Women, 1893-1993 (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1993).

Marjorie Norris, A Leaven of Ladies: a History of the Calgary Local Council of Women (Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1995).

Catherine L. Cleverdon, The Woman Suffrage Movement in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974).

Carol Lee Bacchi, Liberation Deferred?: The Ideas of the English-Canadian Suffragists, 1877-1918 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983).

Lady Helena E. Strong Squires

Born Little Bay islands, Newfoundland and Labrador 1879; died Toronto 1959; first woman elected to the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly (1930-32); trained as a teacher; initially opposed to women suffrage; married to Sir Richard Squires, prime minister of Newfoundland.

 Further reading:

First lady elected to Parliament in Newfoundland”. – Newfoundland quarterly. – Vol. 30, no. 1 (July 1930). – P. 14-15.

“Squires, Helena E.”. – Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. – St. John’s : Harry Cuff Publications, c1994. -ISBN 0-9693422-5-X

“Lady Helena E. Strong Squires,” Celebrating Women’s Achievements. Library and Archives Canada,  HYPERLINK “”

Margarette Rae Morrison Luckock

Born Toronto 1893; died 1972; one of the first two women elected to the Ontario Legislative Assembly (1943-45); member of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation; education and equal pay activist.

Further reading:

“Gladys Muriel Porter,” Celebrating Women’s Achievements. Library and Archives Canada,  HYPERLINK “”

Michael Dawber, After you Agnes: Mrs. Rae Luckock, MPP (Tweed, Ont: Quinte-Web Press, c1994).

Joan Sangster, Dreams of equality: Women on the Canadian left, 1920-1950 (Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, c1989).

“Margarette Rae Morrison Luckock,” Celebrating Women’s Achievements. Library and Archives Canada,